The Power of Perspectives

The Canadian Bar Association

Mariane Gravelle

Immigration law

Confusion over post-graduate work permits

By Mariane Gravelle November 22, 2017 22 November 2017

Confusion over post-graduate work permits

What do you do when an institutional error threatens your livelihood and your right to stay in Canada? This is what many international students are now facing due, in part, to a processing error by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and to ambiguous language.

The CBC reports that students, notably in Alberta, Nova Scotia and Ontario, received the distressing news that they may not be eligible to receive a  post-graduate work permit (PGWP). PGWPs allow graduates of Canadian post-secondary institutions to work temporarily in Canada and gain experience that can help them gain their permanent residency.

While the PGWP program is federal, it is up to the provinces to designate eligible institutions and specific programs. The issue in this case stems from the fact that not all post-graduate institutions in Canada – and programs therein – render their graduates eligible for the permits.

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Competition law

What’s up with the bread price-fixing investigation?

By Mariane Gravelle November 7, 2017 7 November 2017

What’s up with the bread price-fixing investigation?

 

The story

Last week, the Competition Bureau and RCMP raided the offices of several companies in Canada’s grocery industry on suspicion of price-fixing of packaged bread products. According to the Competition Bureau, the raid was “based on evidence that there are reasonable grounds to believe that certain individuals and companies have engaged in activities contrary to the Competition Act.” As of yet, no charges have been laid.

The investigation was confirmed by grocery companies Metro and Loblaws. Said Loblaw Companies Limited

George Weston Limited (TSX:WN, "George Weston") and Loblaw Companies Limited (TSX:L, "Loblaw") today confirmed that they are aware of an industry-wide investigation by the Competition Bureau concerning a price-fixing scheme involving certain packaged bread products. George Weston and Loblaw are cooperating fully.

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What is cyber warfare, exactly?

By Mariane Gravelle November 1, 2017 1 November 2017

What is cyber warfare, exactly?


They’ve become commonplace nowadays: headlines announcing the spread of a virus or the hacking of an important website or institutional database. These occurrences can be debilitating for private and public sectors alike and, yet, no official law or treaty exists to regulate them. Given the speed at which technology develops, it is not surprising that existing frameworks and regulations do not account for all of the ways in which cyber warfare can be waged.

Increasingly sophisticated technology has made lives easier in many respects but has also given nefarious parties countless methods in which to disable services and institutions in ways that could seriously harm us. Now that so much of our lives are lived through the use of technology, it is reasonable to assume that an increasing amount of attacks will come by way of cyberspace – in fact, Forbes has deemed 2017 the year of cyber warfare.

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Resources

Judicial review of the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain pipeline ends

By Mariane Gravelle October 17, 2017 17 October 2017

Judicial review of the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain pipeline ends

 

The controversial Kinder Morgan pipeline expansion project – also known as the Trans Mountain Pipeline system – moves one step forward. Federal Court of Appeal proceedings in its most recent judicial review came to a close last week, leaving the parties awaiting a decision which could take several months to be issued.

A quick refresher

The Trans Mountain project is a proposed expansion of the existing Kinder Morgan pipeline running between Alberta and the west coast of British Columbia. The proposed expansion - which could so much as triple the system’s capacity – has been met with opposition from First Nations and environmental groups on the basis that it could potentially be detrimental to the environment. The pipeline project has also faced uncertainty due to provincial politics

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Practice hub

Avoiding death by PowerPoint

By Mariane Gravelle September 15, 2017 15 September 2017

Avoiding death by PowerPoint

 

So you’ve been asked to participate in a conference. You’ll be part of a panel discussion alongside other colleagues, or share your expertise on a particular topic. It’s a great opportunity to connect with other lawyers and build your reputation within the legal profession – if your presentation is done well.

But how sharp are your presentation skills? If you don’t have the chance to present in front of large groups on a regular basis, you might have trouble holding people’s attention. Most of us know how to prepare speaking notes and PowerPoint slides, but communicating effectively on stage is another matter.

This can make us feel less confident and lead to nervousness, notes Mila Naimark, president of Clockwork Talk, a Toronto-based company that focuses on helping professionals become more influential presenters. She has the following tips to help presenters communicate their message more effectively while retaining the attention of their audience.

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