In the first nine months of 2016, immigrants hoping to become Canadian citizens submitted over 56,000 citizenship applications. The number may seem high, but is far lower than the nearly 112,000 applications submitted in the same period the year before – a nearly 50 per cent drop.
Why the decline? It’s hard to say exactly but former Immigration and Citizenship director general Andrew Griffith points to the rise in processing fees for citizenship applications, which jumped from $100 to $530 in 2014-2015. Add to that a “right of citizenship” fee, this increase tripled the price for immigrants wishing to process a citizenship application.
After months of uncertainty, CETA appears to be back on track. While the European Parliament has yet to formally back the agreement, it recently rejected a motion that would delay implementation, suggesting that lawmakers will consent to the treaty’s provisional application. So does that mean CETA is safe?
Although CETA’s future looks relatively secure, any international agreement can be derailed. Canadians caught a glimpse of this with CETA’s last-minute challenge from Wallonia, the French-speaking region of Belgium. Although Walloon Minister-President Paul Magnette (pictured above) eventually withdrew his opposition, this may not be the last roadblock CETA must face.
To secure Walloon support, Belgium agreed to ask the European Court of Justice to review CETA’s investment dispute settlement system, leaving the door open to one of CETA’s more controversial aspects. Regardless of the Court’s decision, the investment dispute settlement system remains outside the scope of CETA’s provisional application, meaning that all Parties must ratify the agreement before it comes into force. This leaves plenty of time for Wallonia, or any other region, to bring up new concerns.
In the midst of the Syrian refugee crisis and demands on national governments to do more, other countries have started looking to the Canadian private sponsorship program as a template from which to design their own schemes. Australia and New Zealand have adopted some form of private sponsorship program over the past several years. The United States is looking at the Canadian model. In July, the United Kingdom also launched its own community sponsorship scheme for refugees.
In most developed economies, the resettlement of refugees has traditionally been considered a job for government. In Canada, the federal government plays a key role obviously, but private organizations and groups have been able to fund and sponsor refugees for over three decades. Known as private sponsorship, this process has been garnering considerable attention in recent years both for its distinctiveness (until recently, Canada had the only private sponsorship program in the world) and for its success. Given the positive effects of this program, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has praised the Canadian refugee resettlement model and encouraged the exportation of Canadian-style private sponsorship to other countries.