La force de la perspective

The Canadian Bar Association

Anne Lévesque

Formation juridique

La dualité linguistique et le PPD

Par Anne Lévesque mars 15, 2017 15 mars 2017

La dualité linguistique et le PPD

 

Lancé en 2014, le programme de pratique du droit (PPD) constitue l’une des innovations les plus importantes des dernières décennies dans le processus d’accès à la profession en Ontario. Ainsi, nul n’était surpris que le comité du perfectionnement professionnel du Barreau du Haut-Canada ait été le centre d’attention l’automne passé, alors que ses membres débattaient de l’avenir de ce projet pilote. Ils ont recommandé son abolition – toutefois, après avoir pris connaissance de 130 interventions d’avocats, d’étudiants et d’organisations, le Conseil a voté sa prolongation de deux ans.

Cette décision est particulièrement significative pour les membres francophones du barreau. Plusieurs y voient la volonté du Barreau de répondre aux besoins particuliers de la francophonie ontarienne. En effet, même le rapport recommandant l’abolition du programme reconnaissait le rôle et l’importance uniques du PPD français, de même que le principe de la dualité linguistique. Le rapport faisait aussi état de la contribution importante du PPD à l’amélioration des services, et de la pratique du droit, en français.

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Freedom of speech

The judicialization of public protest

Par Anne Lévesque avril 21, 2016 21 avril 2016

This week, the Supreme Court of Canada will hear an appeal relating to the contempt of court order made against the Quebec student activist, Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois. The legal dispute at issue arose in the context of the 2012 student protest which received international attention. Lead by two student groups, l’Association pour une solidarité syndicale étudiante and la Fédération étudiante collègiale du Québec with broad support from the general public, the movement commonly referred to the ‘’Printemps érable’’ (Maple Spring) was triggered by former Premier Jean Charest’s proposal to increase tuition by 75 per cent over the course of five years. Hundreds of thousands of Quebecers from across the province took to the streets, wearing le carré rouge and banging casseroles to protect what is widely regarded in the province as a fundamentally core value: universally accessible post-secondary education.

In the course of the protest, another university student, Jean-François Morasse, obtained an interlocutory injunction to enable him to cross the picket line and attend class. When asked to comment on the injunction during a television interview on RDI, Radio-Canada’s news network, Nadeau-Dubois expressed his disappointment regarding the judicialization of what he considered to be a political protest and stressed that students had the right to strike. The Quebec Superior Court found Nadeau-Dubois guilty of contempt of court since his statement could be taken as an invitation to disregard the court’s injunction and, accordingly, sentenced him to community service. The decision was overturned by the Quebec Court of Appeal which emphasized in obiter the importance of respecting the freedom of expression in accordance with both the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms. This argument will again be reiterated before the Supreme Court by the two intervenors that were granted leave to make oral submissions.

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